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Godhra is a town of Panchmahal district. Panch means the number 5, and Mahal refers to tehsils
or talukas; hence, the word Panchmahal means five talukas, which
include – Godhra, second one is Dahod, third is Halol, fourth one is
Kalol and fifth one is Jhalod. These talukas or towns were transferred
by the Maharaja or King Sindhia of Gwalior to the Britishers.
Mughal Rule in Godhra
In the year 1480, Mohammad Begada selected Godhra as the headquarter out
of one of his states and made Godhra retain its importance even after
Champaner became the capital in the year 1484. The history of
Panchamahal and Godhra has deep connection with Champaner, which was
established by the king Vanraj, who used to rule Solanki Dynasty in 7th
century (647). During the 13th century, Chauhans captured the Panchmahal
from Alauddin Khilji, and ruled the city till Sultan
Mohammad Begda seized the throne in the year 1484. And the Mughals ruled from 1575 to 1727, Godhra became the city center.
Maratha Rule in Godhra
the Maratha general Sindhia conquered the Mughal Empire, took the city
of Panchmahal under his control, and ruled in 18th century. After few
years Syndhia dynasty was renamed as Maharajas of Gwalior, which then
captured by the British sovereignty in the year 1861, who then made the
district to appear in the division of Gujarat in the Bombay Province.
Godhra was considered as the head quarter of Panchmahal district during
the time of Sindhia that is between 1770 till the year 1853 and also
continued further during the British rule as well as when the city was
under the rule of Government of India after the independence.
British Rule in Godhra
Godhra province, during British rule was later partitioned into two Mahals –‘Western Mahal’
and the 'Eastern Mahal’, which got divided to
the territories of ‘Baria’ – also known as Devgadh, and other as ‘Sanjeli’. The western portion had rich soil, while eastern portion was usually comprised of fertile
valleys for cultivation.
Godhra - Land of Great Men of the Past
Godhra, which is a town and a municipality of Panchmahal. The name 'Godhra' refers to 'Gou' – a Cow, Dhara – 'Dharti', means that Godhra is a Land of Cows. As per the mythological terms Godhra is a land where cows are taken for grazing.
The historical or ancient name of Godhra is ‘Godhrahk’ or ‘Godhak’, which was organized by Parmar King called ‘Dudhul Mandalik’ in the year 1415 A.D.
Godhra is also known to be a place of Gandhiji, as he established his Ashram here and resided here for a considerable amount of time. The ashram also served for the welfare of Harijans (low caste people) and their rights. Also, this is the place, where the freedom fighter, the 'Iron Man', Shri Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel practiced law. It is said that this is where Mahatma Gandhi and Vallabhbhai Patel met for the first time, in the year 1917.
Godhra is where the great political leaders Morarji Desai and Sardar Vallabhai Patel started their political career.
The political history of Godhra is still alive, which represents Late Shree Pilu Modi who was known internationally as a special Member of Parliament.